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274 Madison Ave, Suite 304
(Btw 39 and 40th str) New York, NY 10016

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Glance AT A GLANCE:

  • Most visited areas: Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Iguassu Falls, and Florianópolis
  • Hepatitis A, hepatitis B, polio, tetanus, and typhoid vaccines recommended
  • Yellow fever and rabies vaccines recommended for some areas
  • Daily anti-malaria medication needed for some areas

QuestionBrazil commonly asked questions

Which areas in Brazil do New Yorkers visit most frequently?

New Yorkers visit São Paulo, Iguassu Falls, Florianópolis, and Rio de Janeiro most.

São Paulo, in the southeast of Brazil, is the largest city in the country. It is the cultural and financial capital of Brazil and is currently undergoing major economic growth. São Paulo offers a wide variety of activities, including all sorts of museums, nightlife, music, dance, and theatre.

The Iguassu Falls are on the west border between Argentina and Brazil. These large waterfalls are extremely beautiful, and Devil's Throat has falls at the incredible height of 269-ft. Iguassu boasts the second largest water flow in the world.

Florianópolis, located on the southeast coast of Brazil, consists mainly of one island and its surrounding areas. It is a large beach and vacation spot, with waves great for surfing. Florianópolis is known for a busy nightlife and exquisite food.

Rio de Janeiro is the second largest city in Brazil and lies along the southeast coast. It has a scenic mountain landscape and beaches, with the statue of Christ the Redeemer overlooking the city. Rio has an energetic atmosphere and carnival celebrations each year.

What vaccines are necessary for those areas, and are they legally required?

None of the vaccines are legally required, but they are strongly recommended by the Center for Disease Control and should be received before departure.

In particular the Center for Disease Control recommends that travelers to those areas receive hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and typhoid vaccinations, as well as any necessary polio or tetanus boosters. In addition, yellow fever vaccination is recommended for travel to most places in west Brazil including Iguassu Falls, and a rabies vaccination should be received for travel to some rural areas.

When should I get immunized?

You should try and receive your vaccinations several weeks before leaving about two months in advance, although the medications and immunizations can have some effect in a shorter time if necessary.

Is yellow fever or rabies vaccination necessary?

The yellow fever vaccine is recommended by the Center for Disease Control for most Brazilian travel destinations, though it is not recommended for the destinations of Florianópolis, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. To see if the vaccine is recommended for the areas you are visiting, please visit the CDC's list of yellow fever risk areas in Brazil: Click here

Rabies vaccination should only be received by those traveling to certain rural areas or if your travel plans involve contact with animals, particularly wild animals. In order to find out if this is necessary for your trip, it is best to come for a travel consultation.

Could I have received the vaccines before, and do I need to be revaccinated?

You may have received some of the vaccines, although boosters might be necessary. The recommended vaccines are listed with their span of immunity below:

Tetanus
  • administered in one dose
  • needs a booster every ten years
Polio
  • received as children in the U.S.
  • includes four shots
  • needs a booster after the age of 21
Hepatitis B
  • received as children in the U.S.
  • consists of three shots for life
Hepatitis A
  • one shot lasts one year
  • two shots lasts for life
Typhoid
  • one shot lasts for two years
Yellow Fever
  • one shot lasts for ten years
Rabies
  • three shots last for two years

What if I can't find my immunization record?

If you cannot locate your immunization record you should receive the vaccinations again. Revaccination provides no risk and can only protect you against sickness.

Is malaria medication necessary for my trip to Brazil, and what are my choices?

While malaria protection is not needed for the most popular destinations of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Iguassu Falls, and Florianópolis, malaria protection is recommended for travel to many other areas of Brazil, listed here by the CDC: Click here

In order to protect yourself from malaria you would take one of two medications, Malarone or Doxycyline. The two are begun three days prior to departure and are taken daily throughout the trip. Since Doxycyline needs to be taken for 30 days after the trip and Malarone only for seven days, Doxycyline is cheaper and most commonly chosen among uninsured patients. Insurance most likely covers either.

What else should I bring on my trip, and how can I stay safe?

Two medications should be carried throughout the trip, Imodium or a similar anti-diarrheal, and a prescribed antibiotic such as Cipro. In addition, an insect repellent (of DEET concentration 30-50%) and a sunscreen of SPF 15 or greater should be brought.

As many diseases in Brazil can be transmitted through food and water, to stay safe on your trip you should not consume tap water, ice cubes, fountain drinks and uncooked food. If you do become sick or injured, see a doctor as soon as possible in order to properly monitor and treat your condition.

What will happen during my travel health consultation?

At the travel health consultation, the doctor will review your travel plans along with your immunization record, discussing which vaccines and medications should be received as well as any other health risks. After the consultation, you can choose what you'd like to receive.

Credit cards
  • Yellow fever
  • Typhoid (shot)
  • Typhoid (oral)
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hep A/B (combo)
  • Tetanus(TDAP)
  • Polio
  • Meningitis
  • Rabies
  • Japanese Encephalitis
  • $190
  • $88
  • $110
  • $88
  • $80
  • $120
  • $78
  • $68
  • $138
  • $330
  • $330
Pay cash and save 8%
  • Yellow fever
  • Typhoid (shot)
  • Typhoid (oral)
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hep A/B (combo)
  • Tetanus(TDAP)
  • Polio
  • Meningitis
  • Rabies
  • Japanese Encephalitis
  • $175
  • $80
  • $100
  • $80
  • $74
  • $110
  • $70
  • $60
  • $127
  • $303
  • $303

One-time office-visit fee of $65*

Office visit covers administration of all vaccines and prescriptions