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Glance At a glance:

  • Zanzibar, Serengeti, Mount Kilimanjaro, and Ngorongoro are most visited areas.
  • Hepatitis A, hepatitis B, polio, tetanus, cholera, and typhoid vaccines recommended.
  • Rabies vaccine recommended for some areas.
  • No yellow fever vaccination.
  • Daily anti-malaria medication needed.

Tanzania is a beautiful country, and traveling to Tanzania can be a wonderful experience. However, in order to stay healthy during and after your trip, there are certain steps and precautions you should take. Below are some of the most frequently asked questions our patients ask about traveling to Tanzania.

QuestionTanzania commonly asked questions

What are the places in Tanzania most commonly visited by New Yorkers?

Most popularly vistited are Mount Kilimanjaro, Ngorongoro, Zanzibar, and the Serengeti.

Mount Kilimanjaro borders on Kenya in the northeast of Tanzania and is the tallest location in Africa. It is actually a volcanic mountain, consisting of two extinct volcanoes and one dormant volcano, and is surrounded by plains filled with wildlife. The sight from the top of Mount Kilimanjaro is incredible and thousands attempt the hike every year.

Ngorongoro is a conservation and park located in northeastern Tanzania. Its biggest attraction is the Ngorongoro Crater, which was formed millions of years ago when a volcano collapsed. Since then the terrain has changed immensely, and the area encloses many types of animals including elephants, hippos, and a dense population of lions.

Zanzibar is an archipelago off the coast of eastern Tanzania. It is semi-autonomous but still functions under the central Tanzanian government. Zanzibar is known for its spice exports and is very culturally diverse, contributing to its exotic reputation. It is a popular vacation spot due to its natural sights and beautiful beaches.

The Serengeti is located in northern Tanzania and consists of many types of terrain, ranging from grasslands to forests to swamps. It is home to the biggest migration of large mammals in the world and is famous for its vast variety of wildlife populations. In particular, the Serengeti includes animals such as zebra, giraffe, and a large number of lions, and almost a hundred thousand people visit the park every year.

Which vaccines are required for a trip to Tanzania, if any?

While no vaccinations are required by law in order to travel to Tanzania, the Center for Disease Control suggests that travelers receive the following vaccinations: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and typhoid, as well as an update to your polio and tetanus vaccinations. The Tanzanian embassy also suggests a cholera vaccination for travelers.

For travel to some areas of Tanzania a rabies vaccine is recommended by the Center for Disease Control. To decide whether this is necessary for your trip you should discuss your specific plans with our doctors.

Which vaccines may I have received already, and how long do the vaccinations last?

While you may have received some of the vaccines, some require a booster or another dosage. There are two hepatitis vaccines, hepatitis A and hepatitis B. If you know you received a hepatitis vaccine but don't remember which it was most likely the hepatitis B vaccination, as the hepatitis A vaccination is only given to those traveling abroad, particularly to third world countries. The hepatitis B vaccination is three shots for lifetime immunity. For hepatitis A, two shots will cause lifetime immunity, but only one shot causes only a yearlong immunity. While many people received four polio vaccinations as children, the polio vaccine needs to be updated at the age of 21. Tetanus should be updated every ten years, typhoid vaccines are effective for two years, and cholera vaccines only last for six months.

Should I get yellow fever vaccination?

While the Tanzanian embassy stopped requiring yellow fever vaccination in 2012 for American travelers, some embassy workers still recommend you receive it. Since it is a new law you may encounter problems at borders if you do not have proof of vaccination. For travel to Tanzania from a country with yellow fever risk it is required by the embassy, and if you have visited a country with risk of yellow fever transmission, even if you did not visit a yellow fever area in that country, you need to receive the shot. For your reference, the countries with a risk of yellow fever transmission are listed here by the Center for Disease Control: Click here

What should I do if I don't know which vaccines I've received?

Since it doesn't harm you to get revaccinated, the safest choice would be to get the vaccines again. This would ensure you have the protection you need on your travels.

Do I need malaria protection in Tanzania, and if so, what are my options?

Yes, if you travel to Tanzania you should take an anti-malarial medication, either Malarone or Doxycycline. The two medications are both daily medications that are started three days before departure. While there is no difference in the effectiveness of the medications, Malarone is only taken for one week after leaving Tanzania while Doxycycline is taken for thirty days, so Doxycycline is a cheaper medication. Therefore uninsured patients usually choose Doxycycline. If you have insurance, either medication is most likely covered.

When should I be immunized?

You should be immunized several weeks prior to departure, but given less time the medications and vaccinations can still have some effect. If you are leaving with shorter notice you should make a travel consultation appointment with our clinic as soon as possible in order to come up with a health plan tailored to your situation.

Besides getting vaccinated, how can I prepare for my trip to Tanzania?

For travelers to Tanzania, two medications should be brought in order to stay healthy. One is an anti-diarrheal such as Imodium, and the other is an antibiotic such as Cipro that would be prescribed by our doctors.

As the sun can be very strong in Tanzania, you should protect your skin with a sunscreen of SPF 15 or greater, and frequently reapply. And since insects can carry many diseases, some of which cannot be vaccinated against, you should also carry an insect repellant with DEET concentration of 30-50%.

How else can I stay safe in Tanzania?

Tanzania is famous for its wildlife, but much of that wildlife also comes with risks, and you should use your discretion to try and avoid dangerous situations. If you are injured you should seek medical attention immediately in order to ensure a quick and healthy recovery. This is particularly urgent with regards to illness, since Americans are accustomed to different sicknesses than are found in Tanzania.

You should also be wary about food and water sources in Tanzania, as that is how many illnesses are spread. You should only eat food that is cooked well and you should always drink bottled water. Tap water may be contaminated and should be avoided in its various forms, including ice cubes and drinks with tap water mixed in.

What happens during a travel health consultation?

At a travel health consultation, our doctors would review your travel plan and immunization record. Then they would inform you of any medications and vaccinations recommended, making it possible for you to make an informed decision as to what you would like to receive.

Questions? Call   212.696.5900
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  • Yellow fever
  • Typhoid (shot)
  • Typhoid (oral)
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hep A/B (combo)
  • Tetanus(TDAP)
  • Polio
  • Meningitis
  • Rabies
  • Japanese Encephalitis
  • $190
  • $88
  • $110
  • $88
  • $80
  • $120
  • $78
  • $68
  • $138
  • $330
  • $330
Pay cash and save 8%
  • Yellow fever
  • Typhoid (shot)
  • Typhoid (oral)
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hep A/B (combo)
  • Tetanus(TDAP)
  • Polio
  • Meningitis
  • Rabies
  • Japanese Encephalitis
  • $175
  • $80
  • $100
  • $80
  • $74
  • $110
  • $70
  • $60
  • $127
  • $303
  • $303

One-time office-visit fee of $65*

Office visit covers administration of all vaccines and prescriptions